Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 30

30 | www.PetfoodIndustry.com

PETFOOD INSIGHTS

David A. Dzanis, DVM, PhD, DACVN

Rules for reconstitution of
dry pet food ingredients

The idea of reconstituting
dry pet food ingredients with
water can create labeling
complications when it
comes to both list order and
inclusion rates.

The mathematical "reconstitution" of dry ingredients with
added water to affect the orders
of predominance and ingredient
percentage claims on pet food
labels is a long-practiced, yet often
Andrea Gantz | WATT Global Media
incorrectly implemented, concept.
A lack of understanding of proper
application stems from the fact that minimal
regulatory direction exists. The Association of
American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) fails
to provide any guidance. In fact, the only document that alludes to the practice at all is a U.S.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulation,
as follows:
21 CFR 501.4(c) When water is added to
reconstitute, completely or partially, an ingre-

dient permitted by paragraph (b) of this section
to be declared by a class name, the position of the
ingredient class name in the ingredient statement shall be determined by the weight of the
unreconstituted ingredient plus the weight of
the quantity of water added to reconstitute that
ingredient, up to the amount of water needed
to reconstitute the ingredient to single strength.
Any water added in excess of the amount of water
needed to reconstitute the ingredient to single
strength shall be declared as water in the ingredient statement.
Importantly, the referenced "paragraph (b) of
this section" includes several dry dairy and egg
ingredients, but no mention of other commonly
used dry ingredients. Application of this rule to
ingredients outside the spectrum of those specifically mentioned (e.g., fruits and vegetables) may
constitute a tangible risk.

Order of predominance on pet
food labels
Granted, the mathematical reconstitution of
dried broth as a means to replace "water" in the
ingredient declaration is common in canned pet
foods, and notwithstanding the fact that "broth"
is not expressly included in the FDA regulation
either, in practice it appears to provoke little
regulatory consternation. Still, a strict interpretation of the regulation must be kept in mind when
assessing potential risk.
Also, upon careful reading, the FDA regulation is only applicable to foods in which water
that has been added remains in the final product;

Dr. Dzanis is a Board Certified Veterinary Nutritionist and CEO of Regulatory Discretion Inc. He is also the author of Petfood
Industry magazine's monthly column, "Petfood Insights."

September 2019

Industry


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Petfood Industry - September 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Petfood Industry - September 2019

Petfood Industry - September 2019
Contents
What is the future for pet food packaging sustainability?
Speaking of…
News and Calendar
TOP’s Parrot Food expands bird food market opportunities
Sustainability a top concern in small pet food packaging
Belgium holds most small mammal pets per capita 2018
Humanization, all-natural big in small animal pet food
Rules for the reconstitution of dry pet food ingredients
Faba beans: A new pulse for the dog and cat food market
Shopper loyalty challenges in the e-commerce age
New Products
Marketplace
Advertiser’s Index
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - CT1
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - CT2
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - Petfood Industry - September 2019
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - Cover2
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 1
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - Contents
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 3
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - What is the future for pet food packaging sustainability?
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 5
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - Speaking of…
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 7
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - News and Calendar
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 9
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - TOP’s Parrot Food expands bird food market opportunities
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - BB1
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - BB2
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 11
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 12
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 13
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 14
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 15
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 16
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - Sustainability a top concern in small pet food packaging
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 18
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 19
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 20
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 21
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - Belgium holds most small mammal pets per capita 2018
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - BB3
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - BB4
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 23
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 24
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 25
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - Humanization, all-natural big in small animal pet food
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 27
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 28
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 29
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - Rules for the reconstitution of dry pet food ingredients
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 31
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 32
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 33
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - Faba beans: A new pulse for the dog and cat food market
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 35
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 36
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 37
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - Shopper loyalty challenges in the e-commerce age
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 39
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 40
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 41
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - New Products
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 43
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 44
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 45
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - Marketplace
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - 47
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - Advertiser’s Index
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - Cover3
Petfood Industry - September 2019 - Cover4
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