Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 26

26 | www.PetfoodIndustry.com

Emerging breakthroughs in pet
research
Developments in human microbiome research have paved the way for
ground-breaking studies into the companion animal microbiome.
DR. SCOTT CARTER

O

ur pets, like ourselves, are shaped
by bacteria. This collection of
trillions of bacteria, known as the
microbiome, has a tremendous
influence on health and well-being in both
good and bad ways that science is just beginning to understand.
The microbiome living in our gastrointestinal (GI) tract and on our skin plays many
vitally important roles and can cause equally
important problems when things become
imbalanced. One of the main benefits of
microbiome research is that we are now seeing
new and exciting approaches to many health
problems connected to this imbalance, called
dysbiosis.
Our pets have their own microbiome as
well, and like ours it plays just as important
a role in their health and well-being. Recent
studies on the gut microbiome of dogs show
such similarities that we could be considered
"cousins" from a gut bacterial perspective, and
this raises an important point: Increasingly our

RESEARCH: Dog and human digestive

systems have similarities

www.PetfoodIndustry.com/articles/7666

ChrisChrisW | iStockPhoto.com

pets suffer from the same problems as we do,
whether it's diseases associated with aging or
weight control or allergies.
As we learn more about the human microbiome, these same insights can apply to solving
similar problems in our pets. While research
into the companion animal microbiome is
lagging human studies, there are exciting
advancements in humans that could benefit
our pets. Specifically, the microbiome can play
a key role in metabolic diseases like diabetes
and in immune function leading to food allergies, and can even impact the newly discovered
"gut-brain axis."

Obesity and diabetes
A leading area of microbiome research is
looking at metabolic problems like obesity and
diabetes - major medical problems for people
and increasingly for our pets. Through careful
study of the gut microbiome in humans, we
are beginning to uncover links between the
bacteria in the GI tract and metabolic diseases
like type 2 diabetes.
It is now believed that a type of dysbiosis
or imbalance of gut microbial populations
can lead to, or at least increase the odds of,
diabetes. This imbalance is certainly affected
by diet, exercise and many other factors, but
the findings have also led to speculation that
those with diabetes may benefit from the addi-

October 2019

Industry


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Petfood Industry - October 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Petfood Industry - October 2019

Petfood Industry - October 2019
Contents
Grain-free pet food backlash: the influences and irony
Speaking of…
News and Calendar
Raised Right Pets: Human-grade pet food with a purpose
Functional pet food ingredients evolve with market demands
Singapore’s cat ban, one-dog policy bite pet food market
Emerging breakthroughs in pet microbiome research
AAFCO holds annual meeting, Part 1: Pet Food Committee
Coconut meal for dog and cat diets: Is this a good option?
Puppy and kitten formula pet foods deserve a revival
New Products
Marketplace
Advertiser’s Index
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - CT1
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - CT2
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Petfood Industry - October 2019
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Cover2
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 1
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Contents
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 3
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Grain-free pet food backlash: the influences and irony
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 5
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Speaking of…
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 7
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - News and Calendar
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 9
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Raised Right Pets: Human-grade pet food with a purpose
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 11
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 12
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 13
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 14
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 15
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Functional pet food ingredients evolve with market demands
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - BB1
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - BB2
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 17
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 18
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 19
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 20
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 21
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Singapore’s cat ban, one-dog policy bite pet food market
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 23
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 24
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 25
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Emerging breakthroughs in pet microbiome research
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 27
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 28
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 29
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - AAFCO holds annual meeting, Part 1: Pet Food Committee
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 31
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 32
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 33
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Coconut meal for dog and cat diets: Is this a good option?
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 35
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 36
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 37
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Puppy and kitten formula pet foods deserve a revival
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 39
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 40
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - New Products
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 42
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 43
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 44
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 45
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Marketplace
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 47
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Advertiser’s Index
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Cover3
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Cover4
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