Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 34

34 | www.PetfoodIndustry.com

INGREDIENT
▲

ISSUES

Greg Aldrich, PhD

Coconut meal for dog and cat diets:
Is this a good option?

More knowledge is required,
but coconut meal could
prove to be a starter for a
new product category in pet
food. Prostock-studio | AdobePhoto.com

C

oconut meal, also known as
copra meal or coconut flour,
is a new ingredient turning up
in pet diets very recently. It is
being incorporated as an alternative to other
starches like grains, tubers and legumes. Its
popularity stems from the growing interest
in coconut oil in the human food market, so
there is a lot of "curb" appeal to this ingredient. But before we jump on the novelty
train, maybe a deeper look into this ingredient - its origin, composition and utility -
would be valuable.

Coconuts and acquiring
coconut meal
It may seem obvious, but coconuts grow

on coconut trees (Cocos
nucifera) which are a member
of the palm (Arecaceae) family.
They grow in tropical climates
where water and sunshine
are plentiful. Top coconutproducing countries include
Indonesia, the Philippines,
India, Brazil and Sri Lanka.
The coconut is considered
a "drupe" or "stone fruit." A
drupe is a fleshy fruit with a thin
skin and a stone (seed) inside.
We typically think of drupes as
fruits like peaches and apricots.
The coconut we purchase in the
grocery is the "stone."
To acquire coconut meal, the "meat" inside
the seed (nut) must be removed. One method
is a wet process which involves expelling
the "milk" and oil (~50% oil yield) and then
drying the resulting residue, followed by
sizing (grinding) to the desired consistency.
Alternatively, there is a dry process in which
the coconut is heated to drive off moisture
and the meat is mechanically separated from
the husk. Then the dried meat (also known as
copra) is pressed (via an expeller) to remove
the oil.
The result is a higher protein content
meal. In each case, the flour can be further
processed with solvent (e.g., hexane) to
increase the yield of oil. The resulting coconut

Dr. Aldrich is president of Pet Food & Ingredient Technology Inc. He is also the author of Petfood Industry magazine's monthly
column, "Ingredient Issues."

October 2019

Industry


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Petfood Industry - October 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Petfood Industry - October 2019

Petfood Industry - October 2019
Contents
Grain-free pet food backlash: the influences and irony
Speaking of…
News and Calendar
Raised Right Pets: Human-grade pet food with a purpose
Functional pet food ingredients evolve with market demands
Singapore’s cat ban, one-dog policy bite pet food market
Emerging breakthroughs in pet microbiome research
AAFCO holds annual meeting, Part 1: Pet Food Committee
Coconut meal for dog and cat diets: Is this a good option?
Puppy and kitten formula pet foods deserve a revival
New Products
Marketplace
Advertiser’s Index
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - CT1
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - CT2
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Petfood Industry - October 2019
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Cover2
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 1
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Contents
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 3
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Grain-free pet food backlash: the influences and irony
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 5
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Speaking of…
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 7
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - News and Calendar
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 9
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Raised Right Pets: Human-grade pet food with a purpose
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 11
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 12
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 13
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 14
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 15
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Functional pet food ingredients evolve with market demands
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - BB1
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - BB2
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 17
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 18
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 19
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 20
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 21
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Singapore’s cat ban, one-dog policy bite pet food market
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 23
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 24
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 25
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Emerging breakthroughs in pet microbiome research
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 27
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 28
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 29
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - AAFCO holds annual meeting, Part 1: Pet Food Committee
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 31
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 32
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 33
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Coconut meal for dog and cat diets: Is this a good option?
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 35
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 36
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 37
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Puppy and kitten formula pet foods deserve a revival
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 39
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 40
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - New Products
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 42
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 43
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 44
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 45
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Marketplace
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - 47
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Advertiser’s Index
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Cover3
Petfood Industry - October 2019 - Cover4
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