Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 42

42 | www.PetfoodIndustry.com

▲

INGREDIENT ISSUES

apples from which it was derived.
Thus, it's not a major source of the
mineral. More importantly, apple cider
vinegar retains meaningful quantities of bioactive compounds mostly

derived from the apple skins and their
fermentation. These include peptides,
amino acids, minerals, vitamins and
polyphenolic acids (such as catechins,
ferulic acid, caffeic acid and gallic

acid). Along with the acetic acid, these
compounds are likely what provide
value to apple cider vinegar for
animal health.

Pet food possibilities for
apple cider vinegar
In pet food there are two
options to add apple cider vinegar:
as a liquid or a dry powder. The
latter is usually "dried" by plating
the vinegar onto a dry carrier such
as maltodextrins. The liquid can
be added in a quantity that the
process (extrusion or baking) will
allow for total liquids, keeping in
mind that the baking or drying
(following extrusion) may lead to
a significant vaporization of the
acetic acid (a volatile fatty acid) that
will vent off with the exhaust air.
Application rates are dependent
upon intent. In a study from the
Netherlands by Naoum et al. (2002)
it was reported that acetic acid
(Glacial acetic acid; 99.8% purity)
supplementation to dogs led to an
issue with palatability at levels up
to 5% of the metabolizable energy
of the diet with minimal metabolic
effect on the animals. To translate
that to a dose of apple cider vinegar
that is much more dilute (~5%
acetic acid), it would push 100% of
the diet. Thus, for practical reasons
there would be no upper limit to
animal acceptance based on acetic
acid concentration alone, whereas a
typical level of apple cider vinegar
would be more in line with 1% to
5% in a food formula.
While Apple Cider Vinegar or
Vinegar alone are not listed with the
Association of American Feed Control
Officials (AAFCO), acetic acid is
March 2020

2003PETingred.indd 42

Industry

2/27/2020 12:09:03 PM


http://www.PetfoodIndustry.com https://fprfalliance.agsci.colostate.edu

Petfood Industry - March 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Petfood Industry - March 2020

Petfood Industry - March 2020
Contents
US pet food market update: winners and losers
Speaking of…
News and Calendar
Heed Foods focuses on dog gut health to differentiate
Premium pet foods’ mass market retail success stories
Latin America pet food update: Growth in Mexico, online
Petfood Forum tackles market forces, sustainability, CBD
The future of US pet food labeling
Apple cider vinegar: Natural ingredient for pet foods?
2020 pet product sales growth hindsight
New Products
Marketplace
Advertiser’s Index
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - CT1
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - CT2
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - Petfood Industry - March 2020
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - Cover2
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 1
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - Contents
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 3
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - US pet food market update: winners and losers
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 5
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - Speaking of…
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 7
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - News and Calendar
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 9
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - Heed Foods focuses on dog gut health to differentiate
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - CT3
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - CT4
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 11
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 12
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 13
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 14
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 15
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - Premium pet foods’ mass market retail success stories
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 17
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 18
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 19
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 20
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 21
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 22
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 23
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - Latin America pet food update: Growth in Mexico, online
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 25
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 26
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 27
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 28
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 29
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 30
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 31
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 32
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 33
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - Petfood Forum tackles market forces, sustainability, CBD
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 35
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - The future of US pet food labeling
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 37
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 38
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 39
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - Apple cider vinegar: Natural ingredient for pet foods?
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 41
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 42
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 43
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 2020 pet product sales growth hindsight
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 45
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 46
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 47
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - New Products
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 49
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 50
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 51
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 52
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 53
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - Marketplace
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - 55
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - Advertiser’s Index
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - Cover3
Petfood Industry - March 2020 - Cover4
https://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/202003
https://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/202002
https://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/202001
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201912
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201911
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201910
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201909
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201908
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201907
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201906
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201905
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201904
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201903
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201902
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201901
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201812
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201811
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201810
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201809
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201808
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201807
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201806
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201805
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201804
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201803
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201802
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201801
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201712
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201711
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201710
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201709
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201708
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201707
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201706
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201705
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201704
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201703
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201702
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201701
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201612
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201611
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201610
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201609
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201608
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201607
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201606
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201605
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201604
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201603
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201602
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201601
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201512
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201511
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201510
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201509
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201508
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201507
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201506
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201505
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201504
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201503
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201502
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201501
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201412
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201411
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201410
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201409
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201408
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201407
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201406
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201405
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201404
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201403
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201402
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201401
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201312
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201311
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201310
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201309
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201308
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201307
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201306
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201305
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201304
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201303
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201302
http://www.petfoodindustry-digital.com/201301
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com